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Waterbuck (Latin: Kobus ellipsiprymnus)
The Waterbuck has a bull's-eye ring around its rump, and white markings on the face and throat. Solid, large animal with a thick, shaggy, greyish-brown coat. Only the males have homs, which curve gradually outwards before shooting straight up to a length of about 75 cm. The bulk of the waterbuck's diet consists of grass. They never stray far from water and are good swimmers. Herds consist of cows, calves and one mature bull, while younger bulls live in bachelor groups. Young males become full grown at about 5-6 years and then try to establish a territory. Territories are defended by threatening displays. Serious fights are very common. Predators go for the young calves and females, but mature waterbuck are not favoured prey because their flesh is tough and has a repellant turpentine odour. Size: height at shoulder 170 cm; weight up to 270 kg. Rowland Ward, min: 28"

Warthog (Latin: Phacochoerus aethiopicus)
The warthog's social organisation is variable, and groups usually consists of one to three sows with their young. Males form bachelor groups or are solitary and only associate with the female groups when there is a female in season. Their most endearing habit is the way they trot away with their thin tufted tail stuck straight up in the air like an antenna. They have two sets of tusks: the upper ones curve outwards and upwards and on average grow as long as 20 cm; the lower ones are usually less than 15 cm long. Warthog feed mainly on grass, but can also eat fruit and bark. In hard times they'll burrow with their snout for roots and bulbs. They rest and give birth in abandoned burrows, or in excavated cavities in abandoned termite mounds.Size: height at shoulder 70 cm; weight up to 105 kg, but averages 50-60 kg. Rowland Ward, min: 13"

Bush buck (Latin: Tragelaphus scriptus)
Timid, shy, medium-sized antelope with white spots on the buttocks, aginst the legs, at the base of the neck and agains the throat. Light brown to fawn with side stripes. Only the male has horns and is larger and darker than the female. They live solitary or in pairs, small groups of females and young or small bachelor herds. Stays in riverine forest during winter. Usually grazes at night, early mornings and late afternoons. Wounded bushbuck are aggressive, will not hesitate to charge. Size: height at shoulder 80 cm; weight up to 75 kg. Rowland Ward, min: 14"

Zebra (Latin: Equus burchelli)
The plains or Burchell zebra is easy to recognize with their black stripes on the flanks that continue onto the belly and dull shadow stripes on the white parts. Zebras are grazers but occasionally browse on leaves and scrub. It is a savannah species: prefers open woodland, grassveld and floodplains. Avoids dense savannah and is seldom seen further than 12 km from water although they can occur in extremely arid areas. Fond of dust baths. They often mingle with other animals, such as wildebeest, elephant or impala. Stallions are slightly heavier than the mare. During the breeding season, stallions engage in fierce battles for control of a herd of mares. Lions are the zebra's worst enemy, but they're also hunted by hyena and wild dog. Size: height at shoulder 130-140 cm; weight up to 360 kg.

Steenbok (Latin: Raphicerus campestris)
The steenbok has a short tail, large ears and proportionally long and slender legs. Back and hindquaters range from light reddish-brown to dark brown, and on the upper edge of the nose is a black wedge-shaped spot. Males have small, straight and widely separated horns. Steenbok live mainly on open plains, but can be found almost anywhere in this region. They live single or in pairs and establish territories that both the male and female defend by displays. Steenbok grazes during the cooler hours of the day and rests in tall grass or beneath a bush when it is hot. It may stay out late when there's bright moon. Swift-footed, lies waiting until danger is almost upon it before jumping up and running away from predators like leopard, jackals and hyenas. Size: height at shoulder 50 cm; weight up to 12 kg. Rowland Ward, min: 4,5

Common or grey duiker (Latin: Sylvicapra grimmia)
Usually solitary, but sometimes seen in pairs. The common duiker is greyish light-brown in colour, white belly and a dark brown vertical stripe on the face. Only the males have horns, which are straight and pointed, and grow to only 20 cm in length. Distinctive black stripe on the snout from the forehead to the nose. Common duiker are almost exclusively browsers and prefer areas with good scrub cover, though they appear to supplement their diet with insects and even guinea fowl chicks. Avoids open woodland, short grassveld and dense mountain or coastal forests. They're capable of going without water for long periods but will drink whenever water is available. Size: height at shoulder 52 cm; weight up to 21 kg. Rowland Ward, min: 4,5"